SAT官方指南完成句子习题四

 

SAT OG官方指南完成句子习题4Practice Test 4
P576
Section 2
1. 避免成为_________,作曲家斯蒂芬宋和恩努力让他的歌曲拥有惊喜元素。
To avoid being _________ , composer Stephen Sondheim strives for an element of surprise in his songs.
(A) erratic adj. 不稳定的
(B) informal adj. 非正式的
(C) elaborate adj. 详细描述
(D) predictable adj. 意料之中的,墨守成规的
(E) idiosyncratic adj. 特质的
2. 因为熊猫已经被疾病和干旱所变弱,一个严厉的冬天对它们会有_________的后果。
Because the pandas had already been weakened by disease and drought, a harsh winter would have had _________ consequences for them.
(A) preventive adj. 预防的
(B) regressive adj. 后退的
(C) catastrophic adj. 灾难性的
(D) unforeseen adj. 未预见到的
(E) moderate adj. 适度的
3. 对于很多村民来说,婚姻实际上是一个__________,一个人即使__________爱也要得到经济利益。
For many of the villagers, marriage was a practical __________, one not necessarily __________ of love but nevertheless grounded largely in economic advantage.
(A) arrangement n. 安排...devoid adj. 缺乏,没有
(B) entertainment n. 娱乐,款待...disparaging adj. 轻蔑的
(C) attitude n. 态度,看法...consisting adj. 组成,构成
(D) bargain n. 商谈条件...worthy adj. 应得某事物
(E) misfortune n. 不幸...trusting adj. 轻信的
4. 马吉是一个拖延者,自然的喜欢_________和_________讨论。
Maggie is a procrastinator, naturally inclined to __________ and to _________discussions.
(A) meddle v. 干涉...scoff at v. 嘲笑
(B) temporize v. 拖延... prolong v. 延长
(C) misbehave v. 行为不端...disrupt v. 扰乱
(D) sneer v. 讥笑..terminate v. 结束
(E) withdraw v. 撤离...intrude in v. 侵入
5. 就像玻璃窗让建筑透光和有隔离一样,某些大气层的气体_______进来的阳光和_______大地射出的热气,防止热量流失。
Just as glass windows offer buildings both light and insulation, certain atmospheric gases _________ incoming sunlight and ________ heat radiated from the ground, preventing warmth from escaping.
(A) conduct v. 引导...release v. 释放
(B) deflect v. 偏离...transmit v. 发射
(C) admit v. 承认...contain v. 容纳
(D) absorb v. 吸收...dispense v. 分配
(E) resist v. 阻挡...trap v. 诱骗
6. 演讲者,风骚的是她的风格,出丑的是她的空虚,常常仅仅以_________打动听者和让他们相信她的演讲有_________。
The speaker, praised for her style yet ridiculed for her vacuity, often moved naive listeners with _________ alone and led them to believe that her speech had _________.
(A) reason n. 理由...dalliance n. 嬉戏
(B) infelicity n. 不幸,不恰当的言语...conviction n. 确信
(C) rhetoric n. 修辞...substance n. 物质,实质
(D) pragmatism n. 实用主义...futility n. 无益,无效
(E) boorishness n. 粗野的,粗鲁的...integrity n. 正直,诚实
7. 演员_________的行为是出了名的:只要一点点满足不了他的要求,他就会马上被激怒。
The actor was noted for his __________ behavior: he quickly became irritated if his every whim was not immediately satisfied.
(A) fastidious adj. 难取悦的,挑剔的,苛求的
(B) sedulous adj. 勤勉的,勤苦工作的
(C) vindictive adj. 怀恨的
(D) petulant adj. 暴躁的,任性的
(E) mercenary adj. 唯利是图的,雇佣兵
8. 海里梅尔的电影被评论为_________, 即使他大多数的电影不符合那样的情感描述。
Hayley Mills's films have been called _________, although most of them are not so sentimental as to deserve that description.
(A) treacly adj. 甜蜜的
(B) cursory adj. 草率的
(C) prosaic adj. 平凡的,乏味的
(D) meticulous adj. 一丝不苟的
(E) consecrated adj. 神圣的
P587
Section 5
1. 可想而知,工作细心的工人_________跟进一个处境里的种种(myriad)细节。
Predictably, detail-oriented workers are _________ keeping track of the myriad particulars of a situation.
(A) remiss in adj. 怠慢的
(B) adept at adj. 熟练的,擅长的
(C) humorous about adj. 幽默的
(D) hesitant about adj. 犹豫不定的
(E) contemptuous of adj. 轻蔑的
2. 具有争议的税收点燃了持续的_________连首相充满激情的演讲也不能________。
The controversial tax fueled a sustained _________ that could not be _________ by the Prime Minister's impassioned speeches.
(A) rebellion n. 反抗,叛乱...challenged adj. 受到挑战的
(B) interrogation n. 审问...fortified adj. 加强的
(C) conflagration n. 大火...fostered adj. 培养,促进
(D) denial n. 否认...restrained adj. 受到控制的
(E) uprising n. 起义,暴动...quelled adj. 制止,结束
3. 近亲繁殖(inbreeding)会增加_________基因(genes),这些会导致动物容易染上疾病和影响繁殖效率。
Inbreeding can promote the expression of _________ genes, those that make an animal subject to disease or impair reproductive efficiency.
(A) ineffable adj. 不可言喻的
(B) articulated adj. 清晰的,使相互连贯
(C) consummate adj. 圆满的 v. 完成
(D) presumptive adj. 假定的
(E) deleterious adj. 有害的
4. 医生这么频繁的_________疾病预防措施,他的同事称他为________。
The doctor __________ so frequently on disease-prevention techniques that his colleagues accused him of __________.
(A) vacillated v. 摇摆,犹豫...inconsistency n. 不一致,易变
(B) sermonized v. 说教...fidelity n. 忠诚
(C) wavered v. 动摇,摇摆...steadfastness n. 坚定地,不动摇的
(D) experimented v. 实验,尝试...inflexibility n. 顽固
(E) relied v. 信任...negligence n. 疏忽
5. 一个准确的传记一定要是__________的陈述,要描述出那个人的强项和弱项,要避免两个极端的__________和控告。
A judicious biography must be _________ representation that depicts both the strengths and the weaknesses of the subject, avoiding the two extremes of _________ and indictment.
(A) a polarized adj. 两极分化...vindication n. 辩护
(B) an imaginative adj. 富于想象的...discernment n. 洞察力,识别
(C) a holistic adj. 整体的...censure n. 责备
(D) a complimentary adj. 称赞的...animosity n. 敌意
(E) an equitable adj. 公平的...eulogy n. 颂扬
p 605
Section 8
1. 虽然刘易斯很急切的需要她的________,他后来选择不去注意那个建议。
Though Luis eagerly sought her ________ , he subsequently chose not to heed that advice.
(A) secretiveness n. 秘密
(B) cooperation n. 合作
(C) understanding n. 理解,明白
(D) counsel n. 忠告,劝告
(E) concord n. 和睦,协调
2. 身为一个年轻的物理教授,理查德德费恩曼发现他有一个天赋去分享他对科目的_________和把那个兴奋________。
As a young physics instructor, Richard Feynman discovered that he had the gift of sharing his _________ his subject and making that excitement __________.
(A) passion for n. 热爱...contagious adj. 感染性的,会蔓延的
(B) knowledge of n. 知识...inaudible adj. 听不见的
(C) contempt for n. 轻视,蔑视...praiseworthy adj. 值得称赞的
(D) propensity for n. 倾向...futile adj. 无用的
(E) commitment to n. 承诺...impersonal adj. 非个人的
3. 罗马帝国的瓦解是如此的__________,那个灾难无论如何还是能提供一些_________启示。
As _________as the disintegration of the Roman Empire must have seemed, that disaster nevertheless presented some _________ aspects.
(A) momentous adj. 重要的...formidable adj. 可怕的,令人敬畏的
(B) decisive adj. 决定性的...unavoidable adj. 不可避免的
(C) unexpected adj. 意外的,想不到的...ambiguous adj. 模糊不清的
(D) advantageous adj. 有益的,有利的...beneficial adj. 有益的,有利的
(E) catastrophic adj. 灾难的...constructive adj. 建设性的,有帮助的
4. 麦克利山的美景通常被遮掩了:十天里有九天云都是________山顶。
The beauty of Mount McKinley is usually cloaked: clouds ________ the summit nine days out of ten.
(A) release v. 释放
(B) elevate v. 提升,举起
(C) entangle v. 使纠缠,使混乱
(D) shroud v. 覆盖
(E) attain v. 得到
5. 沃克女士在需求顶峰时发行了她的第一种头发护理产品;这个_________市场营销让她成为了百万富翁。
Madame C.J. Walker introduced her first hair-care product just as demand was reaching its peak; this __________ marketing made her a millionaire.
(A) opportune adj. 恰好的
(B) instantaneous adj. 实时的,瞬间的
(C) intermittent adj. 间歇的
(D) dubious adj. 可疑的
(E) extravagant adj. 奢侈的,过度的
6. 科学家不应该直接排斥农村里貌似愚蠢和迷信的土方法;科学不是_________的特权,也不_________偏见。
A scientist should not automatically reject folkways that might at first seem silly or superstitious; scientific qualifications are not a license for _________, nor do they _________ prejudice or bias.
(A) experimentation n. 实验...eliminate v. 排出
(B) arrogance n. 自大...pursue v. 从事
(C) humility n. 谦卑...advocate v. 提倡
(D) smugness n. 自满的,沾沾自喜的...legitimate v. 使合法,认为正当
(E) rigidity n. 坚硬,严格...console v. 安慰,慰藉
SAT OG官方指南完成句子习题4参考答案
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