ACT写作题目整理

 

改革后ACT写作题目整理
   自2015年夏天ACT宣布写作改革后,先后有6个写作题目和大家见面。分别是官网题目、官方样题72C、9月12日亚洲卷、9月12日北美卷、10月24 日亚洲卷、10月24日北美卷。
 
我们收集到这6个题目中的5个,空缺最后一个10月24日北美卷的写作题目。
 
 
1,官网题目:
 
Intelligent Machines
 
Many of the goods and services we depend on daily are now supplied by intelligent, automated
machines rather than human beings. Robots build cars and other goods on assembly lines, where once there were human workers. Many of our phone conversations are now conducted not with people but with sophisticated technologies. We can now buy goods at a variety of stores without the help of a human cashier. Automation is generally seen as a sign of progress, but what is lost when we replace humans with machines? Given the accelerating variety and prevalence of intelligent machines, it is worth examining the implications and meaning of their presence in our lives.
 
Perspective One
What we lose with the replacement of people by machines is some part of our own humanity. Even our mundane daily encounters no longer require from us basic courtesy, respect, and tolerance for other people.
 
Perspective Two
Machines are good at low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases they work better than humans. This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone.
 
Perspective Three
Intelligent machines challenge our long-standing ideas about what humans are or can be. This is good because it pushes both humans and machines toward new, unimagined possibilities.
 
 
2,官方样题:72C
 
Public Health and Individual Freedom
 
Most people want to be healthy, and most people want as much freedom as possible to do the things they want. Unfortunately, these two desires sometimes conflict. For example, smoking is prohibited from most public places, which restricts the freedom of some individuals for the sake of the health of others. Likewise, car emissions are regulated in many areas in order to reduce pollution and its health risks to others, which in turn restricts some people’s freedom to drive the vehicles they want. In a society that values both health and freedom, how do we best balance the two? How should we think about conflicts between public health and individual freedom?
Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about the conflict between public health and individual freedom.
 
Perspective One
Our society should strive to achieve the greatest good for the greatest number of people. When the freedom of the individual interferes with that principle, freedom must be restricted.
 
Perspective Two
Nothing in society is more valuable than freedom. Perhaps physical health is sometimes improved by restricting freedom, but the cost to the health of our free society is far too great to justify it.
 
Perspective Three
The right to avoid health risks is a freedom,
too. When we allow individual behavior to endanger others, we’ve damaged both freedom and health.
 
 
32015912亚洲写作题目
 
Explore the role of creativity in the life of individual people.
 
Perspective1
Creativity is overrated. Creative ideas usually defy traditions or history. Great ideas built upon proven ideas.
 
Perspective2
Creativity is essential because modern world is changing rapidly.
 
Perspective3
There is no set definition of creativity, so people don't need learn it. Instead, people should learn abilities that are accurately measured.
 
 
42015912北美写作题目:
 
Laws sometimes are harmful and unfairso should people break the law
 
Perpective1:
People should follow laws because doing so maintains order and avoids chaos.
 
Perspective2:
People should break the law in order to make it more fair to people.
 
Perspective3:
Breaking laws will bring lots of personal cost. There are more productive ways to improve the law. It is better to change laws through protesting and dissemination.
 
 
520151024亚洲写作题目
 
our minds become sharper with mental challenges, too much challenges will create unhealthy pressure. the challenges we choose to take---a project, an opportunity---will boot us to a new level of achievements or lead to failure. when should we seek challenges? or when should we avoid challenges? it is worth considering when we set a goal or have a new opportunity in our lives.
 
Perspective 1:
Life presents us enough challenges. so too much challenges will bring us stress and unhappiness.
 
Perspective2:
Challenges will lead us to realize our life potential goals. it is our opportunities to push our limits.
 
Perspective3:
Wisdom lies in the discovering the difference between self challenges benefit us and those they do not.
 
 
   对于改革后的ACT作文究竟该怎么写,目前并没有统一的定论。然而无论怎样,我们从新的官方指南和发布的Sample Essay看来,考生要很好的完成ACT作文,至少应该做到以下几点:
(1) 努力写一篇连贯、结构清晰的文章
句子和段落的顺序应该是富有逻辑,显示出自然的语言流畅度。要达到这要求,可以开头用改写论题的方式再次阐述讨论话题,然后用转承的连接词和句子连接技巧进行合理编排。比如,对上述从不同方面论及的观点,每个观点可以各自一段,当中对每观点分别评价并随即阐述自己的赞成与否。如对上述同一方面相悖的观点,就可以混写一段。最后一段为总结段,要总结全文,呼应首段;
(2) 对文中给予的观点进行评述
对文中观点的给予基本的评述是新作文的新要求。这个要求是对给予每个观点都予评价,而不是其中的一个或几个。你的分析和观点需要经过深思熟虑,显示出你是个富有知识,又对人性多元化和社会发展的问题给予了必要关注度的同学,或你可以把个人的经历很好地结合在文中论述的主题中;
(3) 表达出你自己独特对话题的观点
清楚地表达出你自己对给予观点的看法。找到你觉得最能善于表达的观点进行论述。因为一旦开始写了,你就不能回头了(不能写到一半,要求考官给额外纸张重写)。所以必须想一下自己要展开的观点是否自己有足够的例子可以举得出来,所有这些例子都必须经过深度思考和具有说服力的;
(4) 详细阐述你的观点与给予观点之间的关系
你的观点可以同意给予三个观点中的任何一个或几个观点,也可以部分同意,部分反对。你要阐述你的观点与给予观点的一致与相异。你也可以同意一个观点中论及的一个或几个方面,或全面否定所有观点。最好的处理方法是,至少同意一个给予的观点。你同意与不同意部分将作为文章最核心的血肉部分;
(5) 你必须富有逻辑性地阐述你的观点和细节,同时必须包括富有说服力的例子(supporting evidence)
你的作文必须包括富有逻辑性的例子。重要的是,这些例子必须是符合主题,让评卷人觉得例子是可以支持你观点的。这些例子可以来自各种渠道来源,比如当地发生的新闻事件,国内和国际发生的大事件,个人经历或来自书本所学的知识。不要在作文中加入一些对读者无重要意义的例子。个人的经历只要切题,完全可以用来作为举例。

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